Sand model of groundwater flow against pressure gradients and ‘up the hill’
Groundwater flow between recharge areas and discharge areas penetrates first downwards under
the recharge area and later upwards under the discharge area. Dissolved contaminants follow the same flow
path. Groundwater does not flow parallel to the ground water table.
Previously we showed drawings of a simple groundwater flow system and of the
forces acting upon groundwater. Here we show photographs of the sand model and an
animations of groundwater flow against pressure gradients and ‘up the hill’. In the animation, groundwater flow
is highlighted by injecting slugs of food colour. The density of the water - both with and without food colour -
is 1 g/cm3. The results agree well with the mathematical simulation
of this system.